Sports and Training
we will make you faster
Sports and Training
we will make you faster

Definition of the individual training zones through tests

The correct adjustment of the individual training area is a fundamental part of every single sport, because the athlete wants to finish every training session in the best way possible. If the training areas are only vaguely established, the training cannot be done effectively. It is ineffective (to low training stimulus) or even dangerous to health (to high training stimulus).

 

Scientific Background

In the endurance sports the training areas are defined proceeding from the individual lactate or anaerobe threshold. This threshold is often also known as functional threshold. Although scientifically this statement is not completely correct, it always means the point at which the proportion of anaerobe energy supply processes increases so much, that the end products, especially the lactate, can no longer be broken down by the body. This happens approximately at a lactate value of 4mmol/l.

The definition of the individual anaerobe/ lactate threshold can be done accurately in a laboratory with a breath analysis. As an alternative, an easy-to-repeat test (so-called field test) is explained here, which anyone can do themselves during training to check the performance level. Our Athletes complete these tests in regular intervals to check their performance level.

All tests are scientifically proven and no invention from us. :-)

 

Biking and running

30 min biking test ​

2 x 8 min biking test

30 min running test ​

Heart rate frequency threshold or performance threshold determination

Main part of the field test is a maximum speed test of 30:00 min. This is divided, after 10 minutes an split time is taken and then the average heart, power and distance of the following 20 minutes as the test value. This average number is used as the threshold value for calculating the training areas.

We therefore developed a standardized testing sequence, that will ensure an optimal test procedure concerning metabolism and training stress progression.

2. Alternative to the 30-min cycling test

In alternative to the sometimes very, even mentally, exhausting 30 min cycling test, a test with 2 maximum 8 minute intervals can be done. From the obtained value, 10% are deducted. The calculated value is used as the threshold value.

 

Threshold test for swimming  

Here we use two of the most used tests to identify the threshold speed.

The goal and result of both tests are the same, the identification of the functional threshold speed.

1. Possibility - 1500 y/m test

Similar to biking and running, the following test is relatively easy (but it really isn't:-)) swim 1500 m/y timed, the reached average speed for 100 m/y is the (functional) threshold speed. Since this type of test is very demanding for the swimmer and sometimes leads to problems (to many swimmers on one swimming lane, motivational problems, simply wrong counting of lanes).

2. Possibility - 1x 400 y/m + 1x 200 y/m - CSS test

There is another informative and shorter test, the CSS-test for determining the critical swim speed. With this test, the 400 m/y and 200 m/y routes are swum on maximum speed within a training session. Both results are than entered in the following formula and the speed threshold is been calculated.

(400 time – 200 time) / 2 = CSS (time for 100)

Exemplary:
(6:15 min – 3:05 min) / 2 = 1:35 min/100

All training zones at a glance

Spreadsheet

 Training Zones  Swimming
% CSS

Biking
Watt % of  FTP

Biking
1/min % FTHR
Running
1/min % of  FTHR
Running
Watt % of  FTP
Scale Intensity Lactate TSS
per hour
Z1  84-87  45-54  60-67  70-82 50-74  < 5  < 0,75  < 2,0  20
Z2  92-94  57-74  70-82 85-88 78-86  5-6,5  0,75-0,85  2,0-2,5  30-40
Z3  95-98  77-90  84-93  90-93 90-93  6,5-7,5  0,85-0,95  2,5-3,5  50-60
Z4  99-103  92-105  95-104  95-99  95-99  7,5-9  0,95-1,05  3,5-4,0 70-80
Z5  105-110  106-120  107-120    101-102  9-10  1,05-1,15  >4,0  
Z5a        100-102  104-119        100
Z5b        103-106  121        120
Z5c        107-120          140

 

 

 

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Sports and Training has helped in the last 20 years over

 8000+ Athletes

to achieve their goals

 

 

guarantee money back

14 Days Opt Out, No Cancellation Fee

If your Plan does not meet your needs, you can switch to another Plan or you get your money back.


 

Support / Contact

The High Level Support is provided by qualified coaches.
We answer all questions quickly.

Phone: +49-3834 - 3189895


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M.Sc. in Exercise Sciences and Coaching Takao Muehmel

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