Sports and Training
we will make you faster
Sports and Training
we will make you faster
 

 


2. FAQ - How to get started with the Training Plan / Coaching

  

  • 01. Process

     

    There are 2 possibilities to train with us.

    Option 1: Online coaching - your plan will be individually adapted to your weekly time budget and your previous training.

    Option 2. training plan - you use a pre-written training plan and prepare yourself for a specific goal

    To train you online a couple steps are necessary. Follow the steps in the instructions, marked steps require action from the athlete.

     


    Procedure (ONLINECOACHING):

    1. Payment of the first invoice (completed)
    2. Obtaining the manual and documentation (completed)
    3. Reading the manual and documentation
    4. If necessary, create a FREE training account/user account on the TrainingPeaks training platform (see instructions in section 2.1) and simultaneously connect to the trainer account via the Link.
    5. Sending of a questionnaire by your coach
    6. Completion of the questionnaire and information to the trainer after completion
    7. Phone call with the trainer and initial conversation
    8. Setting of the first training plan by the trainer on the training platform
    9. Start your own training

    PS: You should save the link to the questionnaire for the future, here your season planning is determined, as well as your test and competition results are saved.


    Procedure (PreWritten TRAINING PLAN):

    1. Order and Pay of the invoice on TrainingPeaks (completed)
    2. Obtaining of the manual and documentation by download it from the 2nd Monday in your  purchased training plan. (completed)
    3. Reading the manual and documentation.
    4. We suggest to connect to the trainer account via the Link. if not done allready in the order process.
    5. Start your own training

  • 02. Creating an online account at TrainingPeaks

    We are coaching via the training portal of TrainingPeaks, this sophisticated portal allows us as coaches and you as athletes various possibilities of interaction.

    The first registration is done via this site, 

    How can you create an account to train with us?

    1. Please follow the link and create a training account, at the same time the created athlete account will be connected to the trainer (training with system),  https://home.trainingpeaks.com/attachtocoach?sharedKey=4V4TGK5YF6LSG

    The link leads you to the following page.

    If you already have an account at TrainingPeaks, only login via this page, if not, "create" a free basic account (sign up).

     

    account hinzufuegen

    Under Account Setting ⇾ Account ⇾ Coaches ⇾ current Coach  "Training with system" should be entered. If this is not the case, stay logged into your athlete account and follow the link again.

    The permanently free basic account can also be used later without the connection to the coach.
    The premium account with costs fulfills additional functions, which are not absolutely necessary for the training. After 2 weeks test phase the premium account is automatically set to the basic version.

    Your new account is in basic settings and connects directly to our trainer account.

    2. The trainer receives information and now has access to your training calendar.
    The distribution of the training plan / training sessions usually takes place within 2 working days.

  • 03. Entering and reading the training sessions

    After you have logged in to your training account at www.trainingpeaks.com,

    you see the calendar (top middle). Here you can see the calendar and the planned training session.

    1. if no training session is planned, you can click on the day and enter your completed training if necessary ...

     

    Einheithinzufuegen

    ... and add a training session

    einheithinzufuegen22. If a training session is planned, you can click on it, a pop-up window will open where you can read the details of the training. The training session can only be logged after the actually planned training, at the earliest on the current day. It is not possible to enter the data in the "Completed/Completed" window beforehand.

     

    einheithinzufuegen3

    After completing the training session, you can automatically load them onto the training platform via Garmin Express or Polar flow, for example. Alternatively, you can manually upload the unit to the platform using the Upload button.einheithinzufuegen4The uploaded training session is now compared, and an evaluation can take place. You should not forget to leave comments about the session, this helps us to evaluate the session, because behind every number you are also standing with your body feeling, which is necessary to evaluate the training.

    einheithinzufuegen5

    In the coaching option, future weeks contain a planning comment, here you should enter planning-relevant things that influence your regular training BEFORE the day of training planning by the coach.

    For instance:
    - Club swim training not applicable
    - only 30 min time since business appointment
    - no time since family obligations
    - only loose training because of birthday party :-)

    planungskommentar

     

  • 04. Explanation of the details in the training session

    The order of the training session on a day is always entered in the actuall recommended order by us.

    Duration of training sessions

    Cycling and Running
    For most training session the duration is critical. As the length of the training can vary considerably depending on the performance level, profile or weather conditions. The distance is only fictitious entered and you should not be influenced by it or pay more attention to it.
    In the immediate race preparation, special units are then also shown by distance, a special note is made here.

    In swimming the length of the course is significant, here the time is only fictitiously entered. Here the same applies as with cycling with the distance, this can deviate here depending upon efficiency degree substantially, you should not be influenced by it or pay too much attention to it.
    However, the distance can still be used for statistical purposes.


    General information about the structure of the training units

    Warm up and cool down belong to every training session in swimming, cycling and running. The listed training time includes Warm Up and Cool Down.
    Only in the brick training,  is a direct transition to the next sport. A brick training is explicitly listed in the first unit, in the description you will find the addition ... + "Brick Run", in addition it can be recognized by the lack of Cool down and Warm up.

    If 2 sports are supposed to be trained on one day, they should be trained, if possible, in the given order, but this is not obligatory but suggested.

    Training Details / Contents / Time Information

    In the overview the training is listed in the format (hh:min:ss) with a short description. In the training details (Workout Details) below, the individual intervals with detailed time information and the load are listed.

    e.g. 1:30 min stands for 1 min and 30 sec.

    Example:

    Total time of the training session 1:30:00 / 1 hour and 30 min

    1. Warm Up
    5:00 min with the indicated load values

    2. repeat 4 x

    1st - Active - Z2
    15min with heart rate / power ...

    2nd - medium Z3
    5min with heart rate / power ...

    3. Cool Down
    5:00 min with the indicated load values

     

    training session details

    The load of the training session is indicated as the training zone, each with exact upper and lower values (in strokes per minute, power or speed).

    Deviations pulse to the indicated range

    In particular with short and intensive intervals it happens that the pulse "indulges" and does not seem to reach the indicated range. The reactions of the cardiovascular system are too slow to reflect the load in the muscles in a timely manner, here it is important to move in the right range by perceived effort and then expect the reaction delayed.


    Stretching and / or stabilization training

    Daily stretching and stabilization training should be part of the general training program.

    There are many forms of stretching, the most suitable should be found by everyone and incorporated into the daily routine. The stretching or stabilization/strength training will be entered under "Other". Depending on the athlete and the plan, at least 30 - 60 minutes are required for stretching and strength training per week.

    However, every athlete should stretch for 10 to 20 minutes after appropriate training sessions.


    Error devil

    If we made a mistake and the information in the short description of the training unit does not match the training details, the detailed description always applies and the training is carried out according to this description.

    We are very grateful for a short description of the day of training and the type of sport to fix the error

     

     

  • 05. Training Zones

    - Overview  Training Zones

     

                   
    Training Zones Swim Time  Bike Power Bike Heartrate Run HR  Run Power Run Pace Bike & Run 
       % from CSS % from FTP % from FTHR % von rFTHR % von rFTPower % von rFTPace % from max HR
                   
                   
      Zone 1: Recovery 84-86 45-54 60-67 70-82 50-78 69-77 50-59
                   
                   
      Zone 2: Aerobic 92-94 57-74 70-82 85-88 81-87 79-87 60-69
                   
                   
      Zone 3: Tempo 95-98 77-90 84-93 90-93 90-94 89-93 70-79
                   
                   
      Zone 5: SubThreshold 99-105 92-105 95-104 95-99 95-99 96-100 80-89
                   
    comp. specific. Endurance   106-120 106- 120       90-100
    Zone 5A: SuperThreshold 106-119     100-102 107-114 101-102  
    Zone 5B: Aerobic Capacity       103-106 117-125 105-120  
    Zone 5C: Anaerobic Capacity >120     107-120 >127 112-120  
                   
    >

  • 06. Entering the threshold values / training zones in TrainingPeaks

    In general, the training zones can be reached and adjusted or viewed using the following procedure:

    Athletes with the coaching option:

    The trainer enters the zones individually according to load tests and requirements.


    Athletes with a prewritten training plan

    The training zones must be entered individually on the training platform in order to ensure optimum training control in the correct training zones. This is no problem, with the instructions below you can enter exactly the values determined from the field test (or an actual performance diagnosis).

    Alternatively, you can use your own known values from performance diagnostics.

    Please read the article

    Athletes with a prewritten training plan

    The training zones must be entered individually on the training platform in order to ensure optimum training control in the correct training zones. This is no problem, with the instructions below you can enter exactly the values determined from the field test (or an actual performance diagnosis).

    Alternatively, you can use your own known values from performance diagnostics.

    After the threshold value has been entered (point 4 in the table), the calculation method (point 5 in the table) and the calculation are selected. The entry of the training areas can be made individually Figure 4 (point 9 in table), we recommend entering the training zones according to our specifications, here given names for the training area appear in the training description in the training session including the exact load specification.
    The calculated heart rate values or performance values should not be changed!!

    Instructions for changing (or viewing) the training areas

    1. Click on the small arrow next to the name in the upper right corner,

    garmin tc analyse

    2. Menu  „Account Settings“ garmin tc analyse3. Zones

    Selection of sport type and zone (selection of heart rate, speed, watts). After adding and saving the training zones are editable.

    eintragen tz auswahl

    4. Example Running Heart Rateeintragen tz details

     

    Swimming

    Biking

     Running

    Calculation of the threshold speed

    Enter there (follow the link) your 400 y/m and 200 y/m time.

    Calculation of the threshold values (CSS)

    Then go back to Trainingpeaks and use the calculated numbers

    Calculation of threshold values (power and heart rate)

    - from the higher one of the two 8 min average values (heart rate and/or Watt) 10 % are subtracted and this value is entered as FTP Value
    FTP value = (value x 0.9)

    Calculation of threshold values (heart rate and power)

    - the average value heart rate (or/and average power) of the second part (20 minutes) are used as test value and entered as threshold value.

    Speed

    1. settings / account settings
    2. zones
    3. swimming - speed (Speed/Pace)
    4. input of the CSS value (Treshold)
    5. selection type ⇾ Threshold Speed
    6. selection method ⇾ Joe Friel for Running (7) (no error Running :-)
    7. Calculate
    8. Apply
    9. Enter the name of the zones if necessary
    Zone 1: Recovery
    Zone 2: Aerobic - easy
    Zone 3: Tempo - medium
    Zone 4: SubThreshold - hard
    Zone 5A: SuperThreshold - very hard
    Zone 5B: Aerobic Capacity - very fast
    Zone 5C: Anaerobic Capacity - Sprints
    10. saving with Save & Close

    Power

    1. Settings /Account Settings
    2. Zones
    3. Power
    4. Enter the FTP (Treshold value)
    5. Selection Type ⇾ Threshold Power
    6. Selection Method  ⇾ Andy Coggan (6)
    7. Calculate
    8. Apply
    9. Enter the name of the zones (by default they are empty)

    Zone 1: Active Recovery
    Zone 2: Aerobic Capacity
    Zone 3: Tempo Rides
    Zone 4: SubThreshold
    Zone 5: VO2 Max
    Zone 6: max. Speed

    10. saving with Save & Close

    Heart Rate

    1. Settings /Account Settings
    2. Zones

    Bike Heart Rate
    4. Entering the FTP value
    5. Selection Type ⇾ Threshold Heart Rate
    6. Method selection ⇾ Joe Friel for cycling (7)
    7. Calculate
    8. Apply
    9. If necessary, enter the name of the zones (by default the right zones should be predefined).

    Zone 1: Recovery
    Zone 2: Aerobic Capacity
    Zone 3: Tempo
    Zone 4: SubThreshold
    Zone 5A: Super Threshold
    Zone 5B: Aerobic Capacity
    Zone 5C: Anaerobic Capacity
    10. Save with Save & Close

    Heart Rate

    1. Settings / Account settings
    2. Zones
    3. Run Heart Rate
    4. Enter only the FTP value (Threshold Value)
    5. Selection type ⇾ Lactate Threshold
    6. selection method ⇾ Joe Friel for Running (7)
    7.Calculate
    8. Apply
    9. If necessary, enter the name of the zones (by default the right zones should be predefined).

    Zone 1: Recovery
    Zone 2: Aerobic
    Zone 3: Tempo
    Zone 4: SubThreshold
    Zone 5A: SuperThreshold
    Zone 5B: Aerobic Capacity
    Zone 5C: Anaerobic Capacity

    10. saving with Save & Close

    Individual setting of the training areas in the sports

  • 07. Training Methods

    Overview Training Methods


    Brick Training

    The second training session (usually running) begins immediately after the first one. In the headline of the first unit it is marked with " + Brick Run".
    The second training unit does not start with a Warm Up. You should be warm from the previous training session and the transition should take place quickly. Often there is no Cool Down in the first training session, but a instruction for the transition of the training session is given.


    Special training session

    These training sessions are completed several times during the season and serve as a reference for benchmarking.

    Test Session

    For running and cycling it is ideally one lap (or one section) on one of the normal "home course" with as few interruptions and traffic as possible.
    For running there should be 5 - 10 km and for cycling 10 - 20 km or shorter laps, which can be run several times.

     

     

    Test Sessions for the individual sports

     

  • 08. Possibilities to adjust the plan for your regular training

    Since not everything fits 100% in training and in life, you will find some information to adjust the plan to your needs.

    The training session in the plan are structured and systematically built on each other. If the plan is simply too light, too short or too heavy or the perfect weather forces you to make a longer bike ride :-) can make the following adjustments.

    For athletes with the coaching option, the coach writes the plan and minor adjustments should only be necessary on a daily basis due to weather changes or short-term plan changes.

    Individual adjustment possibilities of the unit length Running and cycling

     

    long and easy training session with a very high Z2 percentage

    Add the appropriate time in Z2 tempo to the end of the training session and/or extend the number of intervals contained accordingly.

    Never extend the session by more than 30%.

     

    more intensive training session Z3/ Z4/Z4/Z5-6

    Do not try to lengthen units by extending the rest time between the intensive intervals, this will change the character of the training in most cases and may be counterproductive.

     

    Option 1
    Please make sure that the more intensive interval time is never 20% longer than the target distance and or time in your target race or that the intensive training time is only extended by max. 20%. Example bike split in the Olympic distance 90 minutes - maximum allowed intensive interval time 108 minutes (90min+18min).

    Example: Calculation

    Original unit:

    Repeat 10 x (5min Z2 - 5min Z3)

    Calculation 10 x 5min Z3 = 50 min intensive total interval time
    Extension by max. 20% of 50min = 10min ⇾ Thus, a maximum of 2 (x 5min) additional intervals may be added.

     

    Option 2
    Single Session or second training in Brick Training: Continue  the training after completing the intervals in Z2 pace Steady Effort to extend.

    Brick Training : Extend the training before you start the given intervals Z2 pace Steady Effort to slightly influence the load profile before the transition.


    Swimming

    Depending on the training content you can add/remove several repetitions of the main set,

    Shorten: Cut down the length of the swim intervals is preferred first
    Extend: Increasing the number of repetitions is preferably

    Sample unit:

    1. Warm Up
    300  @ 01:49-01:53 sec/100m/y Warm Up.

    2. Repeat 2 x technique
    - 50.0  @ 01:41-01:53 sec/100m/y - easy
    - rest 30 sec @ 00:00 sec/100m/y

    3. Repeat 2 x Options to extend 2 x 250 or 300
    - 200.0  @ 01:37-01:43 sec/100m/y - medium
    - rest 30 sec @ 00:00 sec/100m/y

    4. 400 - maximum speed Options to extend 500, shortening option 300 or 200
    - 400 m @ 01:30-01:31 sec/100m/y fast

    5. Repeat 10 x Options to extend 12 x 50 or 20 x 50 , shortening option 10 x 25
    - 50 medium with and without PB alternating @ 01:23-01:30 sec/100m/y very fast
    - Pause 45 sec @ 00:00 sec/100m/y

    6. Cool Down
    200 m @ 01:49-01:53 sec/100m/y - Recovery

    In the first weeks the training is held more relaxed, partly the swimming units contain a specification for the extension of the unit, if available this should be used.


    Open Water / Open Water Swimming

    In the last training weeks before the race the training explicitly contains Open Water units.

    If these cannot be done in open water, the training should be done in the swimming pool or outdoor pool.

    If it is assumed that there is NO wetsuit allowed in the race, you should swim here in competition clothes (e.g. swimsuit).

     

    Option 1 - Training in the swimming pool instead of Open Water

    Whole or partly with neoprene suit, the Wetsuit can be worn here at least possibly in the outdoor pool only at the beginning, here please pay attention to the body temperature and take off Neo early.

    As a substitute for the simulation of the neoprene suit you should always swim with pull buoy to simulate the load. Unless the race takes place without neoprene release.

     

    Option 2 - Training in Open Water instead of swimming pool

    This option should be used whenever possible. Here the given training has to be built into an open water swimming as exactly as possible.

    Possible adjustments:

    Break times as actual swimming breaks or very relaxed swimming.

    Always built in some acceleration and intervals in a calm swimming.


    Exchange of training session between training days

    The exchange of training session is something quite normal and is possible.

    In a training plan with less weekly volume, this is much easier due to time constraints.

    Swimming units are always quite easy to swap. This makes sense if the swimming pool operation time is better suited for a different sequence of exercises or if a training session is better suited for open water swimming.
    In addition, a swimming unit can always be placed on the recovery day, ensure that at least one recovery day is not used or only strength and stabilization training is planned.

    When exchanging session, make sure that the intensive training  (Z3-Z6) are not trained on the same day or that an accumulation of intensive training occurs and the recovery between the training is given.
    Brick session should be maintained as much as possible.

    The weekend training should preferably always be exchanged as a block, on a daily basis.

    You can only make up for missed training sessions in the following 3 days if no recovery day or another training in this sport is missed.

    If you have premium access to TrainingPeaks, you can also move future units, with a basic access this only works with past units.

     

  • 09. Adjustments for a different race day

    Adjustments for a different race day

    Our training schedules are written for Races on Sunday. In reality this is not always the case. If a competition takes place on Saturday, postpone all units of the last 2 weeks by one day if possible.

    Example 1
    anpassung taperwoche 1

    If this is not possible, only postpone the last 7 days, this postponement deliberately creates a training-free regeneration day on Sunday.
    Example 2
    anpassung taperwoche 2

     

  • 10. Adaptionsmöglichkeiten für Wettkämpfe

    Verschieben des Wettkampftages

    Unsere Trainingspläne sind für Wettkämpfe geschrieben, die sonntags stattfinden. In der Realität ist dies nicht immer so. Falls ein Wettkampf am Samstag stattfindet, verschiebe nach Möglichkeit alle Einheiten der letzten 2 Wochen um einen Tag nach hinten.

    Beispiel 1
    anpassung taperwoche 1

    Falls dies nicht möglich ist, verschiebe nur die letzten 7 Tage, bei dieser Verschiebung entsteht bewusst sonntags ein trainingsfreier Regenerationstag.
    Beispiel 2
    anpassung taperwoche 2

     

  • 10. Abbreviations

    Z1 - very easy - Recovery

    Z2 - easy - Aerobic

    Z3  - middle - Tempo

    Z4 - hard - SubThreshold

    Z5A  - very hard - SuperThreshold

    Z5B - very hard - Aerobic Capacity

    Z5C - Anaerobic Capacity

     

    IM - Interval method

    SE - Steady effort

    Rep. - Repetition

    FL - Fartlek

     

    Warm Up - float in / run in / bike in

    Cool Down - Float out / Run out / bike out

    R/Rest - Break

     # / No. - Number

    Drills - technique drills to improve your technique

    Acceleration - each interval is equally fast, steady acceleration from slow to max. (or as specified)

    Sprint - accelerate with maximum possible acceleration (explosive Power) up to top-end speed (or the specified value)
      (For biking this means jump out of the saddle and accelerate against resistance in a big gear)

     

    Swimming

    Free or FS  - Crawl/Freestyle is the indicated stroke if nothing is mentioned

    Back - Backstroke

    Breast - Breaststroke

    Fly - Butterfly, if you can't do Butterfly do Freestyle single arm drill 2 right / 2 left arm

    IM - Individual Medley (use all four strokes: butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke and freestyle, in that order), if you can't swim butterfly swim catch up drill,

    Off (Stroke) - any other stroke then freestyle

     

    Descending - each consecutive swim is faster than the one before; the times descend, Example # 1. 1:50min, # 2. 1:45min, # 3. 1:40min, #. 4. 1:35min,

    Negative Split - second half of a swim is faster than the first half; the time (split) for the second half is “negative” compared to the first half. e.g., 4 x200 1st 100 easy - 2nd 100 fast

     

    Breathing - Hypoxia,  swim more strokes without breathing, if you breathe regularly each two strokes, breathe now every three strokes

    Kick - holding a kick board/Pull Buoy in front and kicking with your legs, if this is really hard for you use fins, otherwise assume none

    Pull / Pb - Front crawl with a Pull buoy between thighs

    Pads / Fp (FP) - Finger paddles (if you are an excellent swimmer use paddles)

    start/exit time is the swimming time + the pause time.

    An example, you should swim:

    4 x 100 (No. 1 easy, and then each faster), the starting/exit time remains the same; P 20 sec.
    then this means that the finish time of
    No. 1 is:
    1:30 min swim time + 20 sec rest time (start/exit time = 1:50min).
    No. 2 (you swim faster).
    1:27 min swim time and you start with the same start/exit time, so again after 1:50 min and thus have a break of 23 sec.
    Thus the break becomes larger, with higher swimming speed.

     

 

 

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Sports and Training has helped in the last 20 years over

 8000+ Athletes

to achieve their goals

 

 

guarantee money back

14 Days Opt Out, No Cancellation Fee

If your Plan does not meet your needs, you can switch to another Plan or you get your money back.


 

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We answer all questions quickly.

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M.Sc. in Exercise Sciences and Coaching Takao Muehmel

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